Potato Varieties Type for Baking Frying and Boiling
Different varieties of potatoes vary in textures and can be classified into starchy potatoes, waxy potatoes, and all-purpose potatoes. Some of them are great for baking while others work best for boiling. Different types of potatoes perform excellently for different applications.
1. Starchy Potatoes for Baking and Frying
Starchy potatoes tend to belong in shape with coarse skin. They are high in starch with a dry, mealy texture. Known as baking potatoes, starchy potatoes are great for baking and frying French fries, while also delicious when mashed. When baked, they are light and fluffy; when mashed, they are light and creamy; and they create perfect fries. But if boiled in water, starchy potatoes do not hold together very well.
Starchy potatoes include the following varieties: Russet (most French fries are made with russets), Norchip, Goldrush, Norkotah, Long white, Jewel Yam, Japanese Sweet potato, Hannah Sweet Potato, etc.
2. Waxy Potatoes for Boiling
Waxy potatoes can be long or round in shape, with a thin, smooth skin and waxy texture. Waxy potatoes are high in moisture and sugar, but low in starch. When cooking, they hold their shape very well, so they are great for boiling and work well in dishes like soups, stews, potato salad, scalloped potatoes, etc.
Types of boiling potatoes include Warba, Rose Finn, Pontiac, Russian Banana, Red Thumb, French Fingerling, LaRette, Austrian Crescent, New potatoes.
3. All-purpose Potatoes for Most Recipes
All-purpose potatoes have a medium starch content that falls somewhere between starchy and waxy potatoes, allowing them to hold together when boiled better than starchy potatoes but not as well as waxy potatoes. All-purpose potatoes work for most types of potato dishes. They are particularly good for roasting, pan-frying, soups, stews, and gratins. They can be baked, mashed or deep-fried like a starchy potato, but will not produce the same fluffy results.
Types of all-purpose potatoes are Norland Red, Red Gold, Yukon Gold, Purple Majesty, Peruvian Blue, All blue, Kennebec, Superior, and Katahdin.
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