How to Choose the Perfect Potatoes for Your Dish
Have you ever wondered which potato is the correct type for the dishes you are making? A lot of us do. We can not ignore the importance of potato’s selection. Follow the following aspects, you will benefit a lot.
Knowing the starch level of a potato can help you determine the potato’s purpose. High-starch potatoes have a light, mealy texture, which are best for baking, mashing and french-frying. The medium-starch potatoes are also called all-purpose potatoes. They are moister than high-starch potatoes, suitable for roasting or making into gratins. And the low-starch potatoes are best for salads. They can be called boiling or waxy potatoes, cohesive cell structure makes them hold their shape better than other types of potato.
The moisture content of potatoes is crucial during french-frying. A potato that is too wet has a low solids content and tend to have a waxy, soggy texture after frying. If too dry, the potatoes will tend to be too hard and crunchy when fried.
Varieties of Potatoes
Characterized by rough brown skin and white flesh, russet potatoes are the top potato for french fries due to their higher starch content and lower moisture. They hold their shape and make a crispy fry. Its oval shape is good for making long french or steak fries.
Compared to russets, white potatoes have smoother, thinner and lighter-colored skin. They are creamy when baked yet hold their texture when boiled. Therefore, they are best for gratins.
Red potatoes look especially attractive and delicious when they are new. They hold their shape when boiled and sliced, so that they are good to be steamed and buttered or made into potato salads. Larger, more mature ones tend to have a slightly higher starch content.
New potatoes can be any variety. They refer to the immature potatoes that are harvested before optimum ripeness. New potatoes have a thin and tender skin. They are often boiled whole and tossed with butter and fresh parsley. Comparing with mature potatoes, new potatoes have a shorter shelf life.
Like the name implies, fingerling potatoes are shaped like fingers. Their skin is thin and tender. They are so small that you can boil them whole with skin intact, thus they don’t absorb as much water as potato chunks, making them great for potato salad.
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